Category Archives: know your wildlife

Coyote Behavior and Characteristics

The Eastern Coyote:

Coyotes living in New York State have the appearance similar to that of a German Shepard.  Some physical traits include:

  • Large erect ears
  • Gray, Tan or Reddish Yellow coloring
  • “Bib-like” patch of white fur around neck
  • Generally weigh between 35 to 50 pounds
  • Appear heavier due to a thick, double coat of fur

Coyotes are known to travel in large groups. “Packs” consist of six closely related adults, yearlings and young. Coyote packs are generally smaller than Wolf packs. However, the eastern coyote species in New York does not form a true ‘pack’ like their relative, the wolf.  Instead, they organize as a ‘family unit’. Units are made up of an adult pair and their pups from the current year.  Coyote units will defend a territory of 6 to 15 square miles against other coyotes. This behavior limits their numbers in any one area.

During the Fall and Winter months, coyotes tend to prey on smaller mammals. Winter becomes harder as the populations of small animals decline, so coyotes seek out their largest prey – whitetail deer. Deer are killed by motorist frequently this time of year and can become an important food source for coyotes.

It is common to hear the sounds of coyotes howl in the night, as they are known as nocturnal wildlife. It is easy to think through the echo of the woods that there must be an overflow of them out there, but in reality its only five of six. A small number of coyotes can make a lot of noise.

Our upcoming blog will explore Coyotes Behavior in Suburban Areas.

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Rats: Character Traits and Facts

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The House Mouse: Behavior and Traits

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Skunks & Raccoons: Behaviors and Seasonal Lawn Damage

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The Northern Flying Squirrel

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Presidential Raccoon

Summer Bees Continued

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Summer Wildlife: Bats and Their Impact on the Environment

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Summer Wildlife: Part One

Summer Wildlife: Part One June 3, 2012 Summer is here. Common wildlife seen this time of year in our area include: bats, honeybees, woodchucks, squirrels, and chipmunks. Each creature possesses their own unique behavior which is themed around survival instincts. We share the natural habitat of these animals and very often we find they areContinue Reading